Unani-Tibb (also known as Unani Medicine or Tibb) is a system of medicine based on the teachings of Hippocrates and Galen, subsequently developed into a comprehensive healthcare system by Arabic physicians, especially Ibn Sina (aka Avicenna). While Western Europe was in the Dark Ages, Greek Medicine and other branches of classical science and learning found a safe haven in Islamic lands. The state of balance in four humours is called health and imbalanced state of these humours is called disease. Believing that it is only tabiyat that is engaged in actually curing a disease, Unani hakims hold that they only assist from “outside” by prescribing therapeutic relief. Mixture of oat meal, honey and water . This power is largely released in the liver. Sleep provides physical and mental rest. For fever, for example, Unani medicine stresses a nutrient-rich, low-roughage diet that might include dalia (porridge) and kheer (a milk broth). Hawa (air), in which the quality of the air a person breathes is thought to have a direct effect on his or her temperament and, thus, health. It emphasizes the need for keeping water, air, and food free from impurities or pollutants. Hence, according to the Unani system, health refers to the state of a human body in which all its functions are carried out in a normal way while the disease is the state in which one or more forms of the organs are abnormal or at fault. He wrote a vast medical encyclopedia called Continens, with many excerpts from Hindu and Greek medical sources. Unani medicines are used singly or are compounded with other substances to achieve synergistic, antagonistic, or detoxifying effects or simply as bases for effective ingestion and assimilation. But Greek Medicine didn’t remain static or unchanging; it continued to grow and evelve as Muslim scholars and physicians continued to make important discoveries and contributions of their own. Today, Unani Medicine is enriched by imbibing the best from the contemporary systems of traditional medicines in the Syria, Egypt, Iraq, India, Persia, China and other Middle East countries. See a licensed medical professional for your health condition. Apart from Unani medicine’s introduction onto the stage of world history as a legitimate synthesis—in time and space—of primarily Greek and Islamic civilizational influences, there is yet another dimension to Unani medicine that is often overlooked and yet of great significance. Their balance leads to good health whereas imbalance leads to illness. So, acceptibility of cheap and effective Unani medicine is no problem. Hence, the treatment must be aimed at restoring this equilibrium. Unani was founded in Greece between 460 and 370 BC. In Unani medicine, conditions are often treated with herbal formulas containing a variety of natural substances. It is also called the ‘Tibb-E-Unani’. It got fame during Mughal Empire in India and now famous among people in India, Pakistan, several parts of Central Asia and South Asia. What does Unani mean? Therefore, to maintain a harmonic and synchronized tabiyat, certain beneficial end-products of kaun-o-fasad (genesis and lysis) are retained in the body while harmful ones are expelled. He wrote a five volume treatise on medicine called Al-Culliyat (The Fundamentals), or Colliget. Today, it serves as the basic handbook for all practitioners of Unani Medicine. Apply this paste on the face for about 10 minutes and then wash it with clean lukewarm water. Ilaj-Bi-Dawa, or pharmaco-therapy, is the use of medicines by Unani hakims. In the process, Greek Medicine was “Islamicized” into Unani-Tibb, or Greco-Arabic Medicine. It is also released by the other tissue of the body in small amounts. Information and translations of Unani in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … The goal of Unani Medicine is to achieve the healthy state of individual by balancing these four humours in the body. What is Unani medicine made of? 4. The theoretical framework of Unani Medicine was introduced by Greek physician Hippocrates (460 – 377 BC), then enriched by Galen (131 – 210 AD), Rhazes (850 – 925 AD) and Avicenna (980 – 1037 AD). It uses only the natural ingredients for preparing medicines as they are easily available in the local regions and safe for the human body. Ilaj-bi-ghiza, or dietotherapy, involves recommending a specific diet, which is the simplest and most natural course of treatment by a hakim. The temperament is considered real equitable when the elements are in equal quantities. Ayurvedic products are made either of herbs only or a combination of herbs, metals, minerals, or other materials in an Ayurvedic practice called rasa shastra. It is the Psychic or nervous power. Medicines made with those minerals, when used with caution and expertise, may be effective, but they have significant toxic side effects. The system strongly supports the need for keeping the water free from impurities. 6. The Unani  Medicine system is based on the principle of the four-humor concept of Hippocrates. Dirty water is considered a carrier of infective diseases. Exercises help to stimulate the growth of muscles and ensure optimum nutrition. It has developed its own techniques and instruments for performing surgeries. The diagnosis involves determining the causes of disease, which can be achieved by the Pulse (NABZ) reading and the examination of stool and urine. The system recognizes the impact of psychological factors including the positive emotions like happiness and negative emotions like anger and sorrow on the health of a person. These elements together and in different proportions are present in everything alive, or that exists. The trace of the medicine goes back to medieval history, especially during the times of the Sultanates and Mughal rulers wherein they used to have physicians who knew Unani treatment. It considers that the temperament of every individual is unique to him or her. It is an important element of traditional AYUSH medicine which is recognized and governed by Ministry of AYUSH,Government of India. This form of treatment involves the use of medications prepared mainly from natural ingredients such as herbs, and the substances of mineral and animal origin. Find a practitioner using this modality. The Unani medicine uses medicines, dietary changes, drinks, and other regimens … It also increases the blood supply and ensures proper functioning of the excretory system. Metabolism includes several processes that ensure proper nutrition and growth of the human body. In the Unani system of medicine, tabiyat is an individual’s internal power or capacity to withstand or combat disease and to perform normal physiological functions. It is the vital power that is responsible for the survival of life. The other conventional means of examination of a patient such as inspection, palpation, percussion and auscultation are also used for the purpose of diagnosis. Unani treatment is based on this principle and it treats the person as a whole, not only the disease. Everywhere the Muslims went, their Unani physicians went with them, adapting themselves to the local conditions and resources. The Delhi Sultanate and later the Moghul emperors were great patrons of medicine. Relationship Between Tabiyat and Asbab-e-Sittah-Zarooriah. The medicines are classified into four classes based on their temperament. Unani Medicine is based on the Greece philosophy according to which, human body is made up of the four categories of elements i.e. Definition of Unani in the Definitions.net dictionary. Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (India), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. This transformation proved that Greek Medicine was flexible, resilient and adaptable enough to absorb and incorporate new developments and influences. You can read my answer to a similar question for details: answer to What are the uses of Unani medicine? Get notification for new articles in your inbox. Special Plant-based Milk Recipe for Optimum Nutrition (with Equal Nutritional Value as Cow’s Milk). Unani medicine was the first to establish that disease was a natural process and that symptoms were the reactions of the body to the disease. Unani medicines are also known as Unani tibb, Arabian medicine or Islamic medicine. These components can be described as follows. The loss of these components can cause disability or lead to death. Within a few short centuries after its birth, the Islamic world had expanded to stretch from the Atlantic ocean in the west to the Indian ocean in the east, from Moorish Spain to the plains of Hindustan. For example, a formula known as Khamira Abresham Hakim Arshad Wala contains such botanicals as saffron, cardamom, Indian bay leaf, and citron. According to this customary framework, the human body is made out of four essential components: earth, air, water and fire having icy, hot, wet and dry dispositions individually. Classical Unani medicine recommended established “regimental” therapies (tadabeer) in the treatment of various chronic and acute diseases. Accumulation of waste products in the body can lead to a sickness. Like Ayurveda, Unani system is also based on the theory of presence of the elements in the human body. The short answer is: Yes, Unani medicines are effective. It also proposes special diets for specific diseases. It was the ancient rulers in the north India who provided patronage to the experts of Unani System and enrolled some scholars as court physicians to help t… Makool-wo-mashroob (food and drink), in which the nutritional value and the quality and quantity of one’s food and drink are believed to ensure physical fitness by strengthening tabiyat. It believes in the humoral theory which presupposes the presence of the four humors – Dam (blood), Balgham (phlegm), Safra (yellow bile) and Sauda (black bile) in the body. This term is derived from the word ‘Tibb’ which means the knowledge of the state of a human body while in health and during the decline of health. The unani medicine is based on humoral theory. India, today, is one of the leading countries having the largest number of Unani educational, healthcare and research institutions. The meaning of the term ‘Unani’ is medicines that are the symbol of a healthy life. Intense research is important for the use of kushta, the incinerated finely powdered substance prepared from known toxic metals, such as seemab (mercury), sam al-far (arsenic), sangraf (mercuric chloride), and khubs al-hadid (iron rust). Unani Medicine: Comparisons and Contrasts with Other Health Care Systems. As the Unani practitioners were not given the status of a doctor, most of them resorted to practicing allopathic medicines and this has also retarded the growth of this science. Unani system of medicine stresses on the importance of prevention of diseases. The temperament of air is described as hot and moist while that of the earth is cold and dry. Unani Medicine (Unani-tibb) also spelled as Yunani Medicine, is the other form of medicine. It is located in the brain and responsible for the motor and perceptive abilities of a person. 1. It recognizes the influence of the environment and lifestyle habits of the patients on the state of his health. In the 1920s Indian physician Ajmal Khan revolutionized Unani medicine by advocating that research be conducted on various natural products that were claimed by ancient physicians to effect miraculous cures. Humors are the fluid or moist components of the body that are produced after metabolism and the transformation of 4 elements. But whereas Ayurveda has enjoyed a phenomenal surge in popularity, Unani Medicine still lags behind in recognition, perhaps due to its minority Islamic associations. Meaning of Unani. The tablets are usually flat but may also be biconvex. At the Kumbh Mela this year, we organised a Unani medicine camp where people made a beeline to get treated. 2. The fire has a hot and dry temperament and water has the moist and cold temperament. Surgical interventions, or ilaj-bil-yad, are a last resort. 5. Harkat-o-sakoon nafsaniah (mental work and rest), which emphasizes the simultaneous engagement of the human mind in numerous emotional and intellectual activities. Unani-Tibb is a traditional system of medicine based on the teachings of Hippocrates (known as the Father of Western medicine), Galen (1st century prominent Greek physician and surgeon) and Ibn Sina (Avicenna – regarded as one of the most significant thinkers and writers in medicine and author of the most comprehensive medical text written – The Canon of Medicine). Arz (Earth), Ma` (Water), Hawa (Air), and Naar (Fire) which have a particular Temperaments (Kaifiyat) i.e. Power of the drug used in unani system depends on the degree of the disease. It presupposes the presence of four humors: blood, yellow bile, phlegm, and black bile in the body. Subsequent pharmacological research determined that the plant was the source of a bioactive substance known as reserpine, which found use in Western medicine as a tranquilizer and as an antihypertensive agent (lowering abnormally high blood pressure). Around the time of the Crusades, the Islamic world produced a few very prominent and influential physicians and medical scholars. Unani medicines are made from natural substances like plant products. These are considered as carriers of different powers that form the entire body system and make its individual parts functional. Unani pharmacotherapy (the medicines prescribed) uses naturally occurring medicines, mostly herbs and those of animal origin and minerals. At the Kumbh Mela this year, we organised a Unani medicine camp where people made a beeline to get treated. Each hospital should have a separate wing for alternative medicine. In India several institutions engaged in Unani teaching and research. In the words of Unani medical historians, Unani Tibb enriched itself by imbibing new medicines, techniques and treatments from the various cultures and medical systems with which it came into contact, which included Indian Ayurveda and Oriental Medicine. This treatment method is considered by hakims to be natural, eco-friendly, and less intrusive and more effective than many other methods. These humors are responsible for maintaining moisture in different organs and tissues and provide nutrition to the body through 4 stages of digestion as given below: According to the Unani Medicine, any disturbance in the equilibrium of these humors results in the initiation and progress of a disease. Spirit or RUH is a gaseous substance that is obtained from the air we breathe. The use of natural substances quickly made it famous and it became ingenious to the country. It was widely practiced in the Mughal India and some regions of the South Asia. It is the natural power that is released during the process of metabolism and reproduction. Hence, it is considered the source of energy and vitality for the body. It burns AKHLAT LATIFAH in order to produce QUWA (faculties or powers). Unani medicine focuses on the four humors of the human body (blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm) and the cause of diseases is caused by the inequality of all the four humors. Unani Tibb Medicine. Eating fresh foods that are free from disease-producing matter like germs and putrefaction can help to prevent diseases. The growth power helps in the regeneration and growth of the human body. Unani System of Medicine describes the man to be made up of the following seven factors:. Unani Medicine found fertile soil in India. The Unani system gives high importance to the temperament of the individual while treating any disease. Considered a tonic, Khamira Abresham Hakim Arshad Wala is said to enhance heart health and aid in the treatment of cardiovascular problems like high blood pressure and angina.1 Commonly prescribed treatments in Unani medicine also includ… In unani therapy drugs are used in raw form. “Unani medicine is a system of alternative medicine that originated in ancient Greece but is now practiced primarily in India. The different forms of medications used in the Unani system include: Although the Unani Medicine is considered the pioneer in the field of surgery, its use is limited in this system. Unani-Tibb (also known as Unani Medicine or Tibb) is a system of medicine based on the teachings of Hippocrates and Galen, subsequently developed into a comprehensive healthcare system by Arabic physicians, especially Ibn Sina (aka Avicenna). This system owes its current form to the Arabs as they saved the Greek literature and rendered it to the Arabs and also enriched this system with their own contributions by making extensive use of their knowledge of Anatomy, Physiology, Chemistry, Physics, Botany, Pathology, Surgery, and Therapeutics. Unani medicine strives to find the best methods to help humans lead a healthy life with minimal or zero risks of any sickness. It believes that several ailments can be treated by just regulating the quantity and quality of food. There are various therapeutic approaches available to the hakim. It consists of animals, plants and mineral products. The Diagnosis of an illness in the Unani system is dependent on the observation and physical examination. The body… Unani means symbol of life. In addition, the use in Unani medicine of precious stones and minerals, the chief ingredients of many poly-formulations (medicines containing multiple ingredients), is expensive. Unani: the science of Graeco-Arabic medicine, by Jamil Ahmad, Hakim Ashhar Qadeer. The Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM), an undertaking of the Indian government, for instance, facilitated the translation of classical heritage, the organization of clinical trials, the improvement of drug standardization, and the investigation of toxicological and phyto-pharmacological properties of natural products that had long been used by hakims. It prescribes diet, drinks, drugs, and some other regiments such as the code of conduct that is favorable for the maintenance and promotion of health for the prevention and treatment of diseases. Those uses supported some of the medical applications that had been described by hakims. The Unani System has an impressive and encouraging record in India. Unani Medicine includes the following types of treatment: Regimental therapy involves special technique and physical methods aimed at improving and stabilizing the constitution of the body. Some of the important techniques in the regimental therapy include: Food plays an important role in the treatment of Unani system. Physical activities, as well as proper rest, are considered essential for maintaining the health. It obtains its nutrition from the food, which is carried to all parts of the body. Unani Medicine is an ancient system of medicine that is believed to have originated in the Perso-Arabic regions dating back almost 5000 years. The treatment in Unani Medicine is based on the holistic approach. In the 1930s Indian-born scientist Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, who specialized in phytochemistry (the chemistry of plants), isolated potent constituents from a plant known in India as chhota chand (Rauwolfia serpentina). Qurs is a solid form of Unani medication. The system has a series of elements (arkan) and their qualities as the foundation for explaining life, health and diseases, namely, air, fire, water and earth. Siddiqui named the derived medicines, which included ajmaline and ajmalicine, for Khan as a tribute to his groundbreaking research efforts. The Unani system’s pharmacopoeia is vast, enriched with more than 2,000 medicines derived from various herbal, mineral, and animal sources. Unani medicine is a time tested scientific medical system that helps to prevent humankind from illnesses maintaining good health and cure of diseases using safe, effective natural regimens. It believes that a positive change in the environment can relieve the patients of many diseases. Unani Medicine believes four humors (four Dosha) in the body, which when are in balance, a person is healthy and which when getting imbalance, a person suffers from the disease. It involves removing the waste materials and improving the immunity or the defense mechanisms of the body to protect health. Any Unani treatment prescribed by a hakim acts as an outside agent to help boost the patient’s tabiyat and thus restore good health and a sense of well-being. 4. But it is not given the seriousness it deserves. Unani therapy also pose some restrictions on diet during the treatment. The benefits of Unani medicine made it popular as a remedy for various ailments. The Unani arrangement of drug; in some cases alluded to as Greeco-Arab pharmaceutical or Unani Tibb; depends on Greek rationality. Disclaimer: Information provided on this website is not intended to diagnose, prevent, treat, or cure any disease. India, today, is one of the leading countries having the largest number of Unani educational, healthcare and research institutions. If not adversely affected, tabiyat can eradicate most infections without medical treatment, using what may be thought of as the natural defense system of the mind and body. Their practice generally is beyond the realm of the hakim’ expertise. According to Unani medicine, the assimilation of food and liquid facilitates the elimination from the body of excessive and noxious substances. Those therapies include dalak (massage), hammam (bath and sauna), karat (exercise), fasd (venesection, or opening a vein to let out blood), hijamat (cupping, a process of drawing blood to the surface of the body by using a glass cup or tube), and amat-e-kai (leeching, or bleeding a person by using leeches). It was introduced in this country by the Persians and Arabs around the eleventh century. Unani Medicine (also called TIBB E UNANI) is a traditional system of medicine originated in Greece, influenced by the ancient science of Ayurveda and became part of traditional Arabic and Islamic medicine. He wrote a five volume treatise called The Canon of Medicine, which became a standard textbook in European medical schools. These are considered the life force and hence, are of prime importance for the diagnosis and treatment of any disease. It got fame during Mughal Empire in India and now famous among people in India, Pakistan, several parts of Central Asia and South Asia. 5. Unani Medicine (also called TIBB E UNANI) is a traditional system of medicine originated in Greece, influenced by the ancient science of Ayurveda and became part of traditional Arabic and Islamic medicine. Unani medicine is ancient Greek medicine that has evolved within the Muslim world for the past 13 centuries. It was introduced in this country by the Persians and Arabs around the eleventh century. It presupposes that the natural ingredients have their own temperament and prescribing a medicine that goes well with the temperament of the person can help to accelerate the process of healing. What is Unani Medicine .? Unani medications are often processed by classical methods of preparation as originall described in Greco-Arabic medicine. Unani system of medicine was founded by ancient greek physician Hippocrates and Galen. Hakim Ajmal Khan (1864–1927) was an Unani physician, and also an Indian patriot and freedom fighter in the struggle for independence. This power is located in the heart. Greece’s Islamic neighbors call Greece Yunanistan, or the Land of the Unanis. The body is composed of several organs. However, this is an ideal state of a human body, which does not exist. The structure and strength of his faculties. It is also popular in the modern-day Central Asia. It considers maintaining the sleep and wakefulness cycle essential for good health. These six factors are believed by Unani practitioners to directly affect the harmony of the human mind and body. 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